A Letter by the Kalki

I recently got a mysterious letter from an unknown source which reads like this: 
           The  Editor,
I   borne   in  India, state- Maharashtra,  Dist- Satara.  My
birthdate   is   04/04/1967. I am waiting here to identify
 me  as    Kalki.
                                        I am going to give a
new constitution for a  whole world. Alternative
economic model for capitalism and communism is ready
name   of   model  is- “ MONEY’S PLACE IN WORLD MARKET   “
Its features are  - 1] One govt. for a whole
world. 2] Borderless   world. 
  Don’t waste my time. Already 49 years of my life
  are wasted. Each and every moment is important to
               Later on I cannot do my work.Time
is very precious. 
                        Publish this letters in news papers
 and in news channels.
                     { Original , Real KALKI AVATAR }''
Below is the screenshot of the email sent by him.

Discovered by Don Prince

Why do People Believe on Rumours?

Rumours multiply in the atmosphere of fear. For instance, if you are getting scared of the danger of earthquake, you will easily believe on the rumours of earthquake spread around you.

Doubt also one of the factors that force you to believe on rumours. For example, you are in abroad and you doubt your wife. In this situation, if you heard something negative about your wife, you might not think that the rumour can be untrue.

Ignorance is another cause you easily believe on rumours. For example, if somebody says you that a scientific research happening somewhere can ruin the life on the earth, then you may accept the rumour because you may not have idea and knowledge about that research.

Some rumours are promoted by coincidence. For example, you heard quarrel in your neighbourhood. You heard the sound of ambulance in the midnight. In this situation, if you don’t see your neighbour in the morning, you may think that they have been hospitalized. 
Discovered by Don Prince

Can 7 People Have Same Face in Reality?

You might have often heard that 7 different people in this world can have same face structure and body shape too. Is it really possible to have 7 same faces in actual practice? It is very difficult to draw any conclusion without deep study on the base of genetics.

Each and every kind of structure, either in face or any other body parts are due to the result of phenotype and genotype. Genotype is determined by the genetic material DNA (in human) only. However, phenotype resembled can be later on affected by different types of environmental factors. Mutation can also occur which can bewilder the normal concept we have till now about the phenotype and genotype.

What is phenotype?

The morphological (physical) structure seen as an outer appearance due to the effect of genotype as well as influence of environmental factors is known as phenotype of an organism. Mutation directly affects the genotype acquired from heredity (process of transmission of physical and genetic characteristics from parents to offspring). Genotype affects phenotype.

What is genotype?

The genetic makeup or the genetic structure of an organism generally acquired from heredity, which is stored in DNA of an organism, correspondingly resembling the phenotype is known as genotype. It is the gene where mutation takes place.

Taking into the consideration of the time right when human species started to till now, evolution played vital role to change us drastically. Although from generation to generation we have evolved but we are all diversified forms of our single ancestor. The genes contained in our ancestor got mutated in different ways during cross fertilization due to which hybrid species were formed which were genetically different. During the hybridization of the species the genotype of the species go through the changes that make changes in phenotype. The genetic change makes physical change in us. The face, body structure, characters required for adaptation, etc. get modified in every filial generation during cross breeding.

The question may be raised that how was it possible to form species of different genotype to form non-sister species (species from different parents having same genotype) when there were only one maternal and one paternal form of the very species, say human. As mentioned above, the mutation plays vital role in abrupt evolution. The geographical aspects, mode of nutrition and different environmental factors bring about a change in the genetic structure of the species. Furthermore, different rays of the sun also alter the coding of DNA. It changes the genetic structure. In this way, species of different genotypes are formed.

When non-sister gametes are fertilized, new hybrid form of the species is formed which is different in both genotype and phenotype.  This phenomenon continues for several thousands of years to form large diversified groups of same species, which are distributed all over the world. This is the reason we are having people all over the world having different faces and body structures. Everyone differs from each other in at least one or two genetic or physical characters. Nevertheless, we hear that two people having same face were reported. Now after getting the background of what brings about a change in the genetic and physical structure of any species, let us go deeper to find out whether it is possible to have same face by two people or not.

*In this diagram, BB, Bb and bb represent pure black eyed, hybrid black eyed and pure blue eyed respectively.

According to Mendel, the dominant character is always seen in first filial generation which suppresses the recessive character but they do not mix with each other and recessive character can be seen in next generation as it is just hidden but not vanished. The occurrence of one contrasting character doesn’t affect the occurrence of another contrasting character. Although there are many contrasting characters to be considered which determine the genotype and phenotype of one single species, there is great possibility of having at least 90% of common contrasting characteristics after many filial generations. According to the law of Mendel, the contrasting characteristics if do not appear in one filial generation, it can appear in next filial generation. Similarly, changes seen in one generation of human can again come back as previous one. Let us consider a generation in which offspring have black eyes. In next generation offspring can have blue eyes as hybrid product. Let this line of generation continue up to where it can. Let we assume that current generation has blue eyes. Let us suppose another line of generation which had blue eyes before and after hybridization they have blue eyes again after passing through many filial generations. At the end, product of both impure lines will have common contrasting character i.e. blue eyes anyhow. In this similar process, if we consider the changes in all the contrasting characteristics like height, color of hair, presence of dimple in cheeks, shape of ears, etc. If there is similar genotype seen in two different people then the physical appearance is similar. After many filial generations, it is possible that people can have almost same genotype with each other. It is the reason we find different people with same face. They almost seem to be clones.

So, if people have same or similar genotype then they will surely have similar phenotype. They can have exact same face and body structure. Not only as rumor but for sure it is possible that 7 people can have same face. Not only 7, thousands of people can have similar face if they have similar genotype. It is true that after many generations and evolution we go through, we again get back to our ancestor’s characters which were being hidden as recessive characters due to presence of dominant characters. Don’t worry thinking that we will completely turn out to ancestors as many of those rare contrasting characters have already got vanished with them but still some characteristics may appear sooner or later if they are hidden. So, when you meet someone of similar face with yours, feel lucky that you got someone of similar genotype of yours and you have some kind of fade connection with that person. That person might be from the same ancestor of yours.
Discovered by Madhusudan Duwadi

10 English Words That You often Use are Completely Wrong

English is an international language. Having well knowledge of English language is plus point for your personality. But you may sometimes be a subject of laughter among people when you use some of the English words and phrases mistakenly. I have caught 10 mistakenly used English words in my surrounding.

Wrong words
1. He is sport in playing chess.
2. Will you please show me your bill book?
3. Today I will buy a paint.
4. I ate dunot in the morning.
5. I like to eat bom with tea.
6. You should wear mukhlar.
7. The wifer of my vehicle is not working.
8. He is the most lucky person of this group.
9. Please buy a choco pun for the child.

10. He has written a satter on her.
Correct words
1. He is expert in playing chess.
2. Will you please show me your blue book?
3. Today I will buy pants.
4. I ate doughnut in the morning.
5. I like to eat bun with tea.
6. You should wear muffler.
7. The wiper of my vehicle is not working.
8. He is the luckiest person of this group.
9. Please buy a choco fun for the child.
10. He has written a satire on her.

Do you also find such mistakes around you? If you do, comment below. Your few words will prevent some people to be fun in the intellectual crowd.
Discovered by Don Prince

7 Cool Facts about Inventions and Discoveries

Today I am sharing my views about some facts about inventions and discoveries. I have noticed 7 very cool facts about inventions and discoveries during my research on various topics.

1. There are many ways to invent the same thing.
Inventions have different versions. Just think in how many ways electricity can be generated today. Just remember how many different ways scientists are talking to invent time travel. These things prove that inventions can be done differently.

2. Invention happens in right time, not before the time.
Invention does not happen before the time. That’s why humans might have got only 100 years age. It’s because if humans have much time, they can invent much more things before the time. It would disturb the balance in the universe maintained by nature.

3. Invention happens when scientists see anything around with new prospective
Most of the inventions are just a common sense. Inventors see same thing differently than any common man. Law of Gravitation, General Theory of Relativity, Special Theory of Relativity, etc are the results of the different views on the same thing visible to everyone.

4. Inventors are the greatest people on the earth.
All people have equal role in this world. However I think inventors and discoverers are the greatest. Just think what would have happened if Thomus Elba Edision had not invented electric bulb; Rights brothers had not invented aeroplane and Charles Babbage had not invented Computer? We cannot imagine a prosperous civilization without inventors and discoverers in this world. So inventors and discoverers are really greatest people on the earth.

5. Invention can be done in two ways, theoretically and practically.
Everything in our universe is mathematical. So invention can be done either theoretically {mathematically} or practically. The thing {higgs boson or god particle} which Peter Higgs had discovered by his mathematical calculation years ago was practically proven in 2013 A.D. The equation which Einstein developed was related to the atom bomb. So there are two types of scientists, i.e., theoretical and practical scientists.

6. There is oddity not impossibility in Science
Nothing is impossible in Science. Yesterday, television, computer, electricity, atom bomb, telephone, etc were impossible. Tomorrow time travel, invisibility, immortality, etc will be possible.

7. All inventions are discoveries.
The universe is full of secrets. There are uncountable mysteries. Invention is the search of those mysteries. So, all inventions are discoveries.
Discovered by Don Prince

Is It Possible to Build an Earthquake Predicting Machine?

People believe natural calamities are unpredictable. But there are always some people in another side who believe that nothing is impossible. What do they say about the possibility of an earthquake predicting machine?  They obviously say YES IT IS POSSIBLE.

There are many reasons we can believe that the world will have an earthquake predicting machine one day. Have a look at some strong reasons:

1. Nothing is impossible
I have already mentioned above that nothing is impossible in this world. Yesterday flying in an aeroplane was impossible. But today it is possible. Similarly, people of today think earthquake predicting machine is impossible. But it will definitely be simple thing in future.

2. Long term prediction is acceptable
All most all earthquake scientists including USGS researchers believe that long term prediction is possible and they are doing it correctly in most of the situations. So if long term prediction is possible, why is not short term prediction possible? And that short term prediction is the key to the earthquake predicting machine.

3. Aftershocks are predictable
Even the people who do not believe on the prediction of earthquake believe on the prediction of aftershocks. USGS also forecasts aftershocks. So it gives a hope that if aftershocks are predictable, we cannot reject the fact that mainshock {earthquake} also may be predictable.

4. Foreshocks are predictable
Foreshocks are the smaller earthquakes that appear before the mainshock. There are some examples where mainshock has been predicted with the foreshocks. So it gives a chance of earthquake predicting machine.

5. Earthquake takes place according to the laws of science
Everything which runs according to the laws of science is predictable. And it is simple to believe that earthquake is not beyond the laws of science.

The common point people often say earthquake prediction is not possible is that every earthquake is a different event. But this is oddity not impossibility. It says that one single machine to predict all different types of earthquakes is not possible. But there is a chance in another hand that earthquake machine can be made differently according to the types of earthquake. It means separate earthquake machines can be built to predict earthquakes of particular areas with particular features.
Discovery by Don Prince

What Happened to the Aftershocks of Nepal?

I agree with you if you think that the defined title of this blog seems to be very cool. Really, what happened to the aftershocks of Nepal? The question itself answers that Nepal has not experiencing aftershocks for a long time.

The concern of earthquake has recently overshadowed in Nepal due to the ongoing political hot issues, i.e., promulgation of constitution through constituent assembly, movement in terai, undeclared blockade by neighbouring country and formation of the new government.  However, aftershocks have tried to drag the attention of people time to time. See the screenshot below:

The record shown on the screenshot above says that the aftershocks are still going on but they have decreased exponentially from the month of September. According to this data the general gap between two aftershocks is around one week. This gap is in the process of increasing ahead. In the coming months aftershocks are expected to appear only after a long gap and also in a few numbers. However, it is estimated that aftershocks take more months to stop completely. Because last two aftershocks were 4.6 and 4.5 magnitudes which are still big in size.
Discovered by Don Prince

White Tiger in Nepal

An initiative research has shown that the white tiger, one of the extinct species of the world might have existed in the forest of terai region of Nepal. The extinct animal may be scientifically documented if the research is done by fixing the CCTV cameras in the forest of Nepal.

The modern history of Nepal theoretically records that Jung Bahadur Rana, the first prime minister of Ranarchy had seen the white tiger while his hunting time in Rautahat district of Nepal. But the then uneducated society had taken this incidence as the effect of ageing on Jung Bahadur Rana.

One of the most famous novels titled ‘Seto Bagh’ notably represents the incidence of Jung Bahadur’s sight on white tiger. The title of the novel has been defined after this animal. The novel was written by Diamond Shumsher who was an established writer of Nepal.

Mr. Diamond Shumsher is known for his creation in historical stories. He especially tells the story of Rana family. He himself was from Rana family. And it is said that he was disliked in his family for writing about them. Recently the ‘Seto Bagh’ novel has been filmed in Kollywood which has got huge audience in theatres.

White tiger is still taken as a hoax in Nepal. Few people know white tiger is not a character of illusion and stories only. The white tiger actually exists on the earth. Particularly they are from India. May be they are found in Nepal too. Jung Bahadur’s encounter of white tiger is a hint.
Discovered by Don Prince

7 Oddities Earthquake May Hit Western Nepal

How did it begin?
Unlike aftershocks, rumours of another big earthquake are still hitting Nepal.  This time, western part of Nepal has become hotter. Since earthquake of any part of the country can affect Kathmandu, the valley is again full of anxiety. I got request from some people to study on the possibility of earthquake in western Nepal. Some of my virtual friends also poured interest on my write ups. After 1 month research, I am here to publish my findings.

If you have read my previous articles on Nepal Earthquake, I know, you may think that I am going to say that there is no need to be stressed about earthquake in western Nepal. The topic of this article also refers it. If so, you are absolutely right. Wait, do not close it. I will give you strong logics. Let’s begin it from the button line.

Why was western Nepal taken as highly vulnerable to earthquake in near future?
Scientists have been warning for more than 30 years that western Nepal {west from Pokhara} may record huge earthquake which may have capacity to be the size of more than 8 Magnitude. This prediction has been made depending on the fact that the region has not experienced earthquake since 1505 AD.

What’s new the Scientists say about this risk?
Now some scientists say that the earthquake of 25 April had not relieved all stress. Now the remaining stress has shifted in the western part increasing the possibility of earthquake more seriously.

Is it true that the remaining stress has shifted to the western Nepal?
It is true that the energy released from the earthquake of 25 April did not come out completely. But I do not believe that the stress has gone to the western part. The reasons are:

a. This earthquake occurred in the eastern segment of the MFT fault {east from Gorkha}. That means the earthquake ruptured in the east which reached up to Dolakha district and stopped. But it had not gone towards western segment of the fault {from west of Pokhara to north of Delhi}. In this condition, is not it ridiculous to say that the stress has been stored in the western part of the country? It is similar to say that the river which flew from north to south made embankment in the northern part.

b. According to the worldwide concept observed by seismology, the earthquake or aftershock of one place can transform energy only up to little km distance from the epicentre. I think, if the stress had moved in the west that could have caused another earthquake within 3 days making 25 April a foreshock. If not, at least, that might have caused notably numerous small earthquakes in the west even today.

c. Had energy shifted to the west, the aftershocks would have stopped so far. But the aftershocks are still going on because the energy had not shifted to the west. Rather it is scattered below the crust and it is still releasing in form of aftershocks. This is the reason the aftershocks patterns are different in Nepal. This is my personal opinion.

d. All of us know that it is possible to estimate the stored energy through technology. And the scientists have claimed that the technology has proven that extra stress has been added in the western fault. But to confirm so, first they should have measured the energy stored in that place before the 25 April and reduced that energy from the energy stored today and then the remaining will be the added energy by this earthquake. Have they done so? I don’t think so. If not, it is only a business stunt.

So we can conclude that we cannot believe that the stress has gone to western part to increase the possibility of earthquake there.

Is it true that the energy has been locked in western Nepal for 500 years?
It is not sure for how long but it is true that the energy might have been locked in western Nepal for a long time. There are two proofs:

a. Practical proof: The statistics derived from the highly technological GPS stations have shown it.

b. Theoretical proof: The western Nepal is facing smaller earthquakes frequently before and after the 25 April event. This is my personal analysis.

The oddities earthquake may hit western region
We may say that this western region has not experienced big earthquake from 200-500 years. However it may not produce in near future. The possible reasons are:

a. Earthquake faults are not uniform everywhere. Some faults have smaller events whereas some faults have larger earthquakes.MFT {Main Frontal Thrust} has both large and small events. I think eastern segment of MFT has no smaller events. But it has large earthquake like 25 April. And the western segment of the fault has many smaller events which are postponing larger earthquake. So eastern parts are facing big earthquake and western parts have many small earthquakes that have prevented big ones from ages. Look at the following chart.

b. The second estimated reason is that the western part of the fault has several physical barriers {seismic barriers} along the fault.  Some scientists say that these barriers are the cause earthquake did not move towards west. It stopped to the east in Dolakha because that is the edge of this fault. Study says the larger aftershocks are likely to strike at the edge of the fault. So May 12 may have happened there. I think these seismic barriers {segmented faults} are the causes western parts are not experiencing large hit. Instead it is facing smaller events. The energy is not stored hugely but it is divided in different segments. So it cannot be larger. If it is true it makes the energy shift concept more critical. If there is barrier, energy cannot shift.

c. The energy stored in the fault could have been steadily released through fault creeping. That means energy is being leaked slowly due to slide of the fault instead of cracking and producing an earthquake. If so it takes more than an estimated time to face a big earthquake. Or maybe, there would never be a big jolt. Because they are released through thousands of micro quakes. San Andreas Fault of California is one of its examples. The creeping segment of the San Andreas has not seen a large earthquake despite storage of huge energy qualified for a big earthquake. Is it happening in Nepal too? The research should be done. In my opinion, energy is definitely creeping in western fault of Nepal. But it is not being observed. Because they are not reaching surface like the huge hit of 25 April.

d. The bearing capacity of the rock of western Nepal may be strong. As energy may not have reached the threshold, the earthquake might have been postponed. If it is so there will be little doubt. But it is less likely. Because there are many earthquakes recorded in the seismograph every month.

e. It has been just 1 century we humans have started recording the earthquake. So we cannot say when earthquake occurred last time in the western segment of the MFT. What are the basis people claim this place is silent from 500 years? History is not enough to explain it. May be this place has seen earthquakes after 1505 AD too. And also, what is the strong base to believe that the energy which is not exploded since June 6, 1505 A.D. will be blasted in this decade?

f. This long term prediction of earthquake is based on the seismic gap theory. This theory is still controversial. Some foreign experts say that though tectonic move rate is similar, the method of energy release is different. So the earthquake does not necessarily repeats as happened before. Similarly, some Nepalese experts are saying that this theory has been designed especially in the area where continental plates and oceanic plate collide. But in the case of Nepal, the earthquake is caused due to collision of both continental plates, i.e., Eurasian plate and Indian plate. Moreover, the theory has yet to be studied in the Himalayan area like Nepal.

g. Every earthquake is different. Comparing one earthquake with another may work only as a reference. Earthquake taking place after a seismic gap in one place does not mean that same is going to happen in another place too.

What is the conclusion?
The 1505 earthquake has caused seismic barrier in western fault. So earthquake is not big there. But Eastern segment has no physical barrier. There is less small earthquake but a big event. Western Nepal has more small earthquakes and big one is unusual. 25 April released the strain at the eastern end. So this area can be taken as a safe place for some years. Moreover May 12 earthquake {aftershock} has ended the chance of big earthquake recently in the eastern part. But Western part should be observed continuously. If less {small} earthquakes occurred there, threat should be considered. Statistics say that eastern part time to time may face some bigger earthquakes {less than 7 M}. But every century it may cause a huge earthquake of around 8 M. But the time interval as well as the magnitude is also decreasing. In previous time it was about 8.2 with 100 years gap. It decreased in this year. Now may be after 50 years with less than 7.8 M. If it is so, this segment is also never going to face big earthquake greater than 7.8 M.

Final Words
Earthquake is still a mysterious science. We humans actually do not know the real cause of the earthquake. However tectonic theory is widely used. In my opinion, Tectonic Theory of Earthquake is similar to Big Bang of the Universe. Unlike big bang, tectonic theory is also partially controversial. Actual cause of the earthquake is still unknown. So the best thing to do is to follow the preventive measures of earthquake on time. Special attention should be given by the government. As Nepal is one of the most sensitive earthquake hazardous zones of the world, the government should give more priority for the research of earthquake..

Disclaimer: This article is the personal opinion of the author. It has been shared only for educational purpose. The author and National Discovery Channel are not liable to any personal or institutional decision made on the basis of it.
Discovered by Don Prince

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Bhimeshawar Had Already Warned People about Earthquake

We have recently discovered an overshadowed fact about ‘’Nepal Earthquake 2015’’ which is backed by religion. This is related to the Bhimeshawar Temple, one of the most popular and sacred religious destination in Dolakha district of Nepal.

Dolakha Bhimsen Temple is famous for many spiritual specialities. The most amazing thing is that the idol of Bhimsen God sometimes sweats. The traditional belief says that something bad happens in the country in the year the idol sweats. Notably, the idol had sweated just some months before the devastating earthquake stroke Nepal in this year.

Mrs Parbati Raut, one of the inhabitants of Dolakha says to National Discovery Channel, ‘’This time, sweat rolled down from the head of the idol. So everybody was confused whether it was a good sign or a bad sign for the country. There was local belief that the effect will be seen within 6 months. And the earthquake hit Nepal before the deadline.’’ In the past it has been recorded that if sweat rolls on the right side, bad will happen and if it rolls on the left, fortune will follow.

Many major events had been recorded  in the past after Bhimsen idol sweats. Another notable thing is that it happened even before the terrible earthquake of 1990 BS.

After sweating, there is a tradition in which the head of the state sends special offering with cash at the temple. In the other hand the temple areas will be flooded with the devotees believing that Bhimeshawar fulfils their wish during sweating.

Dolakha Bhimeshawar has been highlighted by different national and international media time to time. Kantipur daily of Nepal had published special report on the sweating events. In 2013, our guest discoverers Mr. Binod Basnet and Mr. Sirish Khadka had made a report  on Bhimeshawar.

We are not saying sweating event of Bhimeshore is the cause of earthquake. People of Dolakha says that Bhimsen God tries to warn people about the bad event of future by sweating. We want to draw attention of everyone that each and every aspect including religious aspect should be considered while studying the possibility of earthquake in Nepal.
Discovered by Don Prince and Prem Darshan

Aftershocks are Settling Exponentially We are Completely Safe

Day before yesterday I said in ''Prince's Law of Aftershock: the Biggest Secret of Aftershock Revealed'' that a strong aftershock of 4.8 M is going to strike. Yesterday exactly 4.8 M hit Dolakha district of Nepal. I was not surprised while I was listening news about this aftershock in today's morning. But I have not even thought it will happen so quickly.

As all of my calculations matched in the past, now I can surly say to myself that the severely affected earthquake zones like Kathmandu, Dolakha, Sindhupalchowk, Dhading, Nuwakot, etc. are now completely safe provided that there won't be another independent earthquake out of this rupture zone. Moreover, this quickly occurred 4.8 M aftershock has given a sign that the aftershocks are settling very fast. Otherwise I was expecting this aftershock at least after 10 days. However the aftershocks may still last up to next 6 months. But after some months, when aftershocks magnitude will be less than 4 M, it is hard to feel that aftershocks are still going on. Only the scientists and technicians who are measuring earthquake will know it.

'' So then the upcoming strongest aftershock is 4.7 M as you said it is decreasing with the rate of 0.1 M in your article.'' Today someone asked me this question. I said, '' No, we can not say like that. There is certain law but that goes differently. To know what will happen in future, we have to wait till another biggest aftershock {that may not be more than 4.8} hits. I guess next biggest one is 4.7 M because I think this pattern will continue till it declines up to 4 M. But I can definitely say the aftershock will come very soon.

As you know that after the strongest shock, another shock about 1 M less will hit exactly after 24 hours, it can be said that an aftershock with about 3.8 will hit in around 12 o'clock night today. Moreover it is sure that more aftershocks will be experienced for some days.

Today in the afternoon, while I was writing this post an aftershock with 3.8 hit Kathmandu which has made me doubtful. If it is the aftershock which I am expecting in around 12 o'clock at night today, I can say that now the aftershock  has taken another turn. And it is not a negative sign.
Discovered by Don Prince

Prince's Law of Aftershock: the Biggest Secret of Earthquake Revealed

On 24 July 2015, I, through an article titled ‘Earthquake Alert Message by Don Prince’, tried to aware people that an aftershock with 4.9 M would strike in near future. On 10 August, exactly 4.9 M originated making Gorkha as epicentre. It’s a matter of dismay that some people were injured while running here and there nervously. More badly, someone died due to this aftershock as it destroyed the house where he was living.

Question may arise here how do I know this aftershock was going to hit? Though April 25 became a curse for Nepal, the positive aspect of this earthquake is that it might have revealed the secret of aftershocks in the world. If it is proven to be true, no harm on humans will be caused due to aftershock like May 12 in future. Ultimately, the fear of earthquake will be an old age history on the earth. Because I believe that if aftershocks are predictable, Earthquake is not beyond this rule. Because aftershock and earthquake are same. And it is well known to all that even USGS believes aftershocks are predictable.

After experiencing April 25 earthquake and its all aftershocks on the spot, I have discovered that aftershocks are uncertain but they are not random. They run in a kind of special law. And I am sorry, I have named it after my name, i.e. ‘’Prince’s Law of Aftershock’’. For the first time, as an experiment, I had predicted 5.8 M aftershock on 27 May 2015 through this law which came true on 11 June 2015. Have a glance on the screenshot below where one of the readers of National Discovery has notified that the prediction has come true.

You may ask what is next then. Is Nepal still vulnerable to strongest aftershock like May 12? The answer sounds very cool. Now the upcoming strongest aftershock is 4.8 and there won’t be any aftershock greater than it in this sequence. Ok, but how?

‘’Prince’s Law of Aftershock’’ says, ‘’When a big earthquake more than 7 M takes place, aftershocks begin. These aftershocks are always led by strongest shock. Gradually the magnitude of the strongest aftershock decreases.  While changing rate of decrement, it follows special rule. Now the strongest aftershock is decreasing with 0.1 magnitudes.’’

If you analyse the aftershocks recorded by National Seismological Centre, you will definitely have a clear idea about it.

But how to recognize the strongest aftershocks? They appear after an interval time usually after a gap of aftershocks. Moreover it may follow the universal law of earthquake, so when the strongest aftershock hits, it may trigger another shock after 24 hours which will be about 1 M less. After the strongest aftershock, the numbers of aftershocks will increase for some days.

The evidence for this 4.9 M of 10 August was the strongest aftershock with its aftershocks sequences is that on 11 August 3.7 M hit that happened exactly after 24 hours and it was about 1 M less than the previous strongest shock of 4.9.

Actually I am planning to release this ''Prince's Law of Aftershock'' with its formula and statistics after three months. But the 4.9 aftershock of 10 August forced me to publish it right now at least partially. on 11 August at 10:42 am, an aftershock hit Kathmandu. The magnitude was only 4.3. However it terrorized people because epicentre was in the local area. Though some aftershocks around 4.3 M was frequently taking place in other areas of Nepal, people became nervous in Kathmandu and even schools and shops were closed. In the other hand, aftershocks are seen again active in Nepal. So people have been confused and frustrated. But it is normal. As I mentioned above aftershocks increase again because of the strongest aftershock which will decrease exponentially. So there is nothing to worry about.

You are reading this finding freely because I have created it for the people like you. Now it’s your responsibility to let other people know the reality so that they come out of the earthquake trauma and save themselves during aftershock. You can do it by sharing this article with as many friends and relatives as you can.
Have a safe life journey!
Discovered by Don Prince

What Actually Google Boy of Nepal Said about Earthquake

Last week, when I checked the 'search keywords'' in my blog's dashboard, I found that it is full of the searches about Aditya Dahal, the google boy of Nepal. And the reason was that he had predicted that there would be notable change in Nepal within a month. He was leaving Nepal at that time. He was going to the USA for the treatment of his illness. While he was leaving, he couldn't stop himself from crying.

Google is still sending people into my blog to satisfy people's queries regarding the earthquake prediction made by the google boy, though the blog does not give direct answer about it. Now I have decided to answer it directly. As a result I am creating this post.

Media and people gave special attention for the story. As fear of earthquake was still on the mind of common people, they connected the prediction of Aditya Dahal with earthquake. They believed that he had predicted another devastating earthquake in Nepal that could hit within a month. When they saw the recent photo of Aditya Dahal from the moment he was leaving Nepal, they misunderstood that he was crying because Nepal is facing a big problem of another earthquake in near future. Now, standing on the misconception, people in the society are ridiculously talking that Nepal will invite another big earthquake in upcoming Bhadra month.

But the reality is different. Mr. Aditya Dahal has never ever predicted about earthquake. In this time, he has actually indicated the political situation. As Nepal is going to formulate new constitution within a month and it is going to adopt federal system, he has said it a notable change in the country. Likewise, he had cried not because earthquake is going to rock Nepal but because he was leaving Nepal for the first time.
Discovered by Don Prince

Amazing Health Problem Appeared in School

Manila Gurung {name changed} was a normal child studying in a school of Patanabhanjyang, Udaypur of Nepal. She was quite healthy mentally and physically. But one day she got senseless suddenly. Next day another student passed through the same situation after experiencing sudden headache and vomiting. Then within a week the unknown disease caught more than 10 students in the school.

As the event had been encountered in an educational zone, students were tried to be treated through a doctor but in a primary health centre. But when situation was not controlled, everyone took asylum with a witch doctor. However, they did not get relief.

This type of health problem is called Mass Hysteria in Psychology. It is also called group hysteria or collective hysteria. If the patients are treated by the specialist, it can be easily cured.
Rediscovered by Don Prince

Polygame Causes Heart Disease

The recently done survey says that the person having up to 4 wives has 5 times more chance of heart disease.

According to the survey the man with many wives has tension of economy. They are busy. They are stressed socially and psychologically. So they may have heart disease.
Discovered by Don Prince

Regular Exercise Increases Life Span

Minimum 150 minutes exercise in a week can not only make people healthy but also increase their life span. A survey has shown.

The researchers of National Cancer Institute of Harvard University had done survey in 6 lakh 61 thousand people. They conclude that exercise is useful to cure disease. It decreases untimely death.
Rediscovered by Don Prince

Television Causes Diabetes

Do you watch TV regularly? If yes, here is a bad news for you. A research has shown that watching TV for one hour every day can increase the chance of diabetes.

The research says that watching TV everyday increases the chance of diabetes by 3.4%. The research had been done by the scientists among 3,234 people who were under 25 years old.
Discovered by Don Prince

Red Panda Was Found in Nepal

Extinct red pandas have been found in Jajarkot district of Nepal. Two red pandas had been isolated from the group which was returned to the jungle by the district forest office.

Red panda is an amazing animal. It is a straight animal which does not run away from people. Kantipur reports that dozens of red pandas have been hunted in the area.
Discovered by Don Prince

What Scientists Say about Existence of God?

Does God exist or not? This is one of the most frequently asked questions in human history. As majority of the people in the world believe on the arguments of scientists, I have collected the concepts of different scientists.

Stephen Hawking: Hawking has declared himself as an atheist. However he believes that the universe is governed by the laws of science. Those laws might have been made by God. But God does not intervene the laws made by him.

Albert Einstein: Einstein was neither atheist nor theist. He called himself agnostic which means the one who thinks that the existence of God is unknown. He neither believes nor disbelieves on God as God is still unknown.

Isaac Newton: Newton believed that he was one of the men chosen by God to explain the secret of Bible about the end of the world. He believed that there is no doubt, hand of God to create the universe.

Peter Higgs: Peter Higgs who got novel prize on Physics in 2013 for the discovery of Higgs Boson {God Particle} is an atheist. So he is displeased for Higgs Boson is nicknamed God Particle.

In this way we can find scientists divided into three groups regarding the belief of God. They are theist, atheist and agnostic.
Discovered by Don Prince

Fear of God

GOD, a word even an atheist takes when he or she is afraid.  But there is a community in Nepal which is getting scared with God from the time unrecorded. Those people live at Ruza village of Rawatkot in Dailekh district.

There are about 37 houses in the small area of Ruza village. This village is one of the inaccessible places of Nepal. This small area is so congested that there is no place remained even for making a toilet. However, people do not migrate from here. Because they think that if they migrate, their God will get angry with them.  The village dwellers are the follower of Masto God from the time immemorial. They worship Masto God in Dashain and Tihar notably. Mr. Prakash Adhikari writes in Kantipur Daily.
Discovered by Don Prince

Earthquake Alert Message by Don Prince

The day before yesterday at 10:15 PM in Kathmandu, I was about to sleep, a 4.6 MS suddenly stroke with breath taking tremor and highly alerting sound. Just for a while I forgot that it could be only a momentary aftershock. But I did not panic. Nor did anyone in my family run away. I suggested everyone that there was nothing to get afraid. It was just an aftershock which was a bit stronger. I also said that the epicenter must have been inside the city. So it felt strongly. Then all of us slept calmly. But in the morning I came to know that some people in the city had spent whole night out of the house getting scared with this aftershock. So I decided to write this article to convey my important message to them so that they do not face such problem next time.

There are 3 reasons I  guaranteed it was a normal jolt having epicenter in Kathmandu:

1. It felt strongly
As aftershock is felt stronger near the epicenter, this strongly felt jolt gave a hint that it must be around the city. It was taken seriously by media and public in Kathmandu. But there was nothing special to highlight. By the way aftershocks of around 4.6 were going on continuously in other parts of the rupture area. However this aftershock terrorized people in Kathmandu. Because its epicenter was inside Kathmandu.

2. It gave experience of sound
We do not hear the sound of earthquake itself but we hear the sound of physical things on the earth which are moved by earthquake. Big earthquake gives sound experience everywhere. But small aftershock can make us hear sound only if we are near the epicenter because small aftershock is stronger near the epicenter only. And it is weaker in the places far from the epicenter. As the aftershock gave sound experience, chances were high that it was in or near the city.

3. Time was too short
If it had been an independent earthquake, it could have lasted for longer time. But it was for a short time. Similarly it slowed down exponentially and gave experience of descending shaking for more time which is the strong evidence that aftershock began and ended inside the city.

Photo Credit: NSC

The day before yesterday's aftershock was not a surprising attack for me. In fact, I was waiting for a 4.9 MS to match my self developed statistic which I am going to release after aftershocks completely stop in Nepal. According to my unexposed theory, an aftershock of around 4.9 is still inevitable in near future. If it does not happen, the upcoming aftershock will not exceed 4.6. And it will modify my upcoming law, i.e. ''Prince's Law of Aftershocks''.

So, I, through this article, want to spread the message that unlike day before yesterday, there is high chance that an aftershock of around 4.9 MS or 4.4 MS is going to strike Nepal in near future which is not dangerous. People far from the epicenter may not feel it but it can terrorize the people nearby the epicenter. If you experience it, do not run away blindly inviting unwanted accident. Stay inside till you confirm that it is not a small aftershock but an independent earthquake of other part of Nepal or another strong aftershock. And you can do it by waiting at least 5 seconds inside the house. At last, I am happy to pour my opinion that the aftershocks of Nepal are settling exponentially day by day.

Please share this message with your friends, relatives and followers.
Discovered by Don Prince

Is Volcano Possible in Nepal?

When fear and ignorance rent on mind, rumour becomes a guest for a long time. Nepal experienced it in past few months. It was natural that people believed the rumours of earthquake predictions. Because earthquake was hitting Nepal from the time immemorial. And people had stored less information about earthquake. But I wonder how easily people ran after the rumours of volcano in Nepal whereas there had never ever been event of any volcanic eruption in the past.

‘Can volcano erupt in Nepal?’ If you ask this question to anyone who has some knowledge of volcano, you will get answer something like this:
‘’No, volcano can not erupt in Nepal.’’

If you ask why volcano can not erupt in Nepal, you can get 2 types of answers:
1. because Nepal is a mountainous country
2. because there is no sea in Nepal

Both answers give same but complete meaning. However you need to know why volcano can not erupt in a mountainous country or in a country like Nepal which lacks sea.

According to Mr. Raj Maharjan, the science and environment teacher of Abhiyan Public School, Balaju, Kathmandu, volcano is not possible in and around Nepal because of the condition that Indian plate is over thrusting Eurasian plate. When two continental plates overlap, the originated volcano can not come out. It collapses on its way within the crust forming the igneous rock.


Mr. Sudan Lamichhane, the science teacher of Blue Wren School, Kalanki, Kathmandu says that Volcano can erupt only in the country which is on the oceanic plates not in the country like Nepal where there is no sea at all. Volcano can occur above the subduction zone. Subduction zone is the zone where oceanic plate overlaps into continental plate. But Nepal does not lie above the subduction zone. So volcano is not possible in Nepal.

So what is conclusion? I think both arguments are acceptable and they support same concept. In my personal opinion, oceanic plate has less mass and continental plate has more mass. In subduction zone, being one continental plate and another oceanic plate, mass is thin and volcanic magma easily comes outside causing volcanic eruption. But if there are both continental plates overlapping, the mass are so thick that the volcanic magma can’t come outside and it cools down and hardens. As a result it forms unique type of rock, i.e., igneous rock. And there is no volcano above the crust.

At last I want to say that ‘Why is volcano not possible in Nepal?’ is a tough question. I did not find the answer of this question even in Google Search. So I created this post trying to find out the answer. The answers given above may or may not be right. I have published it in order to get review as well as start discussion among the intellectual community. If you agree with our findings please like or share this article. If you have different opinion, do not forget to comment below to share your knowledge.
Happy reading!
Discovered by Don Prince

Why Nepal is Still Being Hit by Aftershocks

Aftershocks are forecast-able not predictable. This means that current science can't calculate exact time, magnitude and intensity of aftershocks. Nor can it say when it stops. However it's pretty simple to know how it stops.

Aftershocks in Nepal are still active. This is definitely surprising. It is because of the amazing nature of the mainshock. So there is no need to worry. They are normal. If this earthquake and aftershocks had not been of such nature, we would have faced much shaking during the mainshock and that could have been much devastating. Anyway we want to see these aftershocks stopped. So here rises the question how to know if aftershocks stopped?

Photo Credit: NSC
There are 3 conditionals to be fulfilled to confirm aftershocks stopped:
1. Aftershocks disappeared for longer time
It's pretty easy to say aftershocks stopped if there is no aftershock more than 4 M for longer time.

2. Earthquake occurred in other than the rupture zone
If aftershocks are not taking place for longer time and regular earthquake took place in other than the rupture zone, this is strong evidence to say that aftershocks have stopped.

But there is an important thing to remember that aftershocks can occur even nearby {a bit farther} the rupture zone due to the stress created by the ongoing aftershocks. So only the aftershocks very far from the rupture zone should be taken as an independent earthquake.

3. Aftershocks are absent after the independent earthquake
If aftershock stroke again after an independent earthquake, It is sad to say that this is not the end of the aftershocks. They should not appear again.

If those 3 levels are completed, we can believe that the earthquake sequence of Nepal has gone to the pre earthquake level and we won't be facing aftershocks later.
Discovered by Don Prince

3 Things of Nepal Earthquake That Scientists Discovered are not Absolutely Right

Today I am going to write on 3 established concepts of scientists about Nepal earthquake which are not absolutely correct. These concepts have been further misunderstood by public which caused doubts and fears stay permanently on their mind. Let’s know the reality on time.

1. Nepal is an earthquake prone zone
Nepal has been enlisted in 11th number in the list of earthquake prone area of the world. Lying in the boundary between Indian and Eurasian plates, Nepal is said to fall under earthquake hazardous zones.

But the fact is different. According to the survey, 80% of earthquakes are recorded in the pacific ring of fire zone. 6% is recorded in Alaska. Nepal experiences less than 1% earthquakes of the world.

Photo Credit: worldatlas.com

2. Mega Earthquake is inevitable in Nepal
Nepal, sometimes, is mistakenly believed to be vulnerable to the mega earthquake. Many reports have been published on it. But is mega earthquake really possible in Nepal?

First of all I want to clarify the actual meaning of mega earthquake. Earthquake more than 10 M is mega earthquake{don’t be confused with great earthquake which is more than 8 M}. So far there is no recorded history of mega earthquake in the world. Chile Earthquake 1960 was 9.5 M which is the largest earthquake ever recorded in the world. For the earthquake more than 10 M in Nepal, the fault in the crust should be bigger than the area of Nepal itself. Is it possible? Moreover, there is no more than 8 M {sometime said 8.2 M} earthquake in the recorded earthquake history of Nepal.

3. Earthquake can frequently strike Nepal
As Nepal is experiencing earthquakes time to time {eg. 6.6 in 1988 A.D. and 6.8 in 2011 A.D.}, there is misconception that earthquake can frequently strike Nepal.

I have already said in my previous article that after a big earthquake, it takes long time to accumulate huge energy. Another earthquake larger than 7.8 M {occurred this year} can strike only if this is not Great Earthquake with around the size of 8 M. As 7.8 M is near 8 M, Nepal should wait for another century for such type of huge earthquake.  Because there is about a century gap between 2 Great Earthquakes in the past. Similarly, there is notable time gap for earthquakes more than 6 and 7 M.

This article specially emphasizes that there should never be unnecessary fear of the earthquake that can affect the general life.
Discovered by Don Prince

Science Behind 25 Rumours of Earthquake

Last week, in Kathmandu I noticed our street overcrowded. It reminded me the strong aftershock of 12 May. After a few seconds I understood a big aftershock had been felt by people which I could not feel as I was walking on strong pitch road. After some steps, I saw a man staying on the balcony of a house. He said to all the walkers on the street, ‘’This earthquake came with loud sound. It means bigger earthquake is coming.’’ When I arrived my house, a woman said at the gate, ‘’Today big earthquake came. So we are outside.’’ I guessed it was a small jolt having epicentre in Kathmandu. I came inside my room and switched on my laptop and checked the aftershock record online. It was only 4 M and the epicentre was in Kathmandu. I heard another voice outside, ‘’The epicentre is in Kathmandu. Now the earthquake is very close to us. This place is in danger.’’

I am surprised we are facing aftershocks for more than a month, but we are still confused with miner things about aftershocks. This aftershock is felt to be big only because epicentre was in the local area. If we make a call to the people of other districts and asked them about it, then most of people will definitely respond that they did not even feel it. Because they are far from the epicentre. Talking about the sound, our ear is not so much capable to hear the sound of wave emerged below the crust. I mean we can’t hear the sound of earthquake wave. The sound which we hear during earthquake or aftershock is the sound of the buildings and their properties on the earth due to the earthquake tremors. And even 4 M earthquake may give experience of sound near the epicentre because it is more powerful than in the other places far from the epicentre. So earthquake along with sound is not the siren of the next big earthquake.

Similarly having epicentre in Kathmandu does not necessarily mean that the city is vulnerable to a big quake. Aftershocks occur in and around the rupture zone. As being in the rupture zone it is obvious that places like Kathmandu, Dolakha, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Sindhupalchowk, etc will experience aftershocks. It does not mean they will get another big shock. Aftershocks do not move as we think. Aftershocks happen when the stored energy reaches threshold.

After this incidence, I decided to list out and explain the rumours I heard during my offline visit in different places. I have also included the questions readers asked me online. They go like this:

1. USGS statistic predicts earthquake
Many people mistakenly believe that USGS predicts earthquake. Most of the time USGS analysis report is misinterpreted. It happened in its greatest level in Nepal. When USGS showed 0.03% chance for big tremor and 99.07% confidence not to experience large tremor, it was misinterpreted. And the common people also followed 0.03% rather than 99.07%.

The analysis of USGS is ‘forecasting’ based on statistic. Statistic is not accurate. Anything proven statistically or mathematically won’t be accurate. We can prove a cup of tea to be a glass of wine mathematically. That does not mean that you have taken wine instead of tea. And also, there is difference between forecasting and prediction. Forecasting is long term estimation whereas prediction is accurate with time, space and level. USGS itself says that it focuses on long term forecasting of earthquake rather than the short term earthquake prediction.

2. Some animals can give signal of the earthquake
Some people have reported that animals can predict the earthquake. According to them, these animals show amazing behaviours before earthquake. There are some instances in China and Japan. So, most of the Chinese and Japanese scientists believe on this theory.

So far there is no repeated record to prove animals can give signal of the earthquake so that caution can be applied in the future. Such types of animals’ behaviours are confusing. But it is true that they can hear P wave sooner than humans. As only p wave can move through the fluids below the crust, it arrives first. So animals feel it and show amazing behaviour with the fear of earthquake. Later humans feel the earthquake.

3. Ground can open during earthquake
Many people fear ground can open and swallow them during earthquake. Can it be?

If you fall into the hole made by earthquake, the chances are high that you will jump out of it. If ground opens to swallow, there won’t be possibility of earthquake.

4. Earthquake can not strike at night
People often remain scared at night during aftershocks. But some people say that earthquake does not take place between 12 to 4 am. People also believe that earthquake can happen especially in the morning time.

Yes, there are less earthquake events in the time between 12 to 4 am and also earthquake is recorded more in the morning time. But there are some instances where earthquake has occurred during night hours. Earthquake has also taken place in the day time. Nowadays, you may also notice aftershocks happening at night in Nepal. If you can prove that earthquake is more likely to happen in morning and it is rare at night, then you can be an established scientist.

5. There is special kind of weather before earthquake
Some people say earthquake can occur in special type of weather. They also believe that earthquake does not occur in the rain. There are also many theories which claim special type of weather before earthquake.

Earthquake has struck in any type of weather. Statistics says that there is no special type of weather for earthquake. It can happen in any weather situation. So far no one has proven there is special type of weather before earthquake. Nepal has experienced some aftershocks with rain as well as powerful wind.

6. Snakes come out of the ground before earthquake
Some people said that snakes are appearing in some places before the earthquake. So they believe that this is the sign that another big quake is coming. Ultimately they spread fear of earthquake depending on the appearance of snakes.

The actual reason is that snakes come out of the ground when aftershock takes place. They are coming out side not because earthquake is coming, but because earthquake has taken place.

7. Earthquake can return
Most of the people believe earthquake returns again. So they fear till they are escaped in another big quake. But the reality is different.

I think this concept has been started after the earthquake of 1934 in Nepal. I guess the earthquake of 1934 {1990 BS} had experienced stronger aftershock. So people believed earthquake returns. But that type of earthquake after long time interval is strong aftershock. As there is possibility of strong aftershock depending on the size of the earthquake, people have misconception that earthquake has returned.

8. The rose ground should settle to the same position as before by another earthquake
There is belief that when the ground rose due to earthquake there will be another earthquake to settle them. They also think the rose part must be settled.

Do we need another earthquake to settle mountains which rose due to earthquake years ago? Obviously not. And the stressed part below the crust settles, not the surface.

9. Independent earthquake in another zone during aftershocks is the symbol of another big quake
Many people believe if there is another independent earthquake very far from the rupture zone during aftershocks sequence, this is sign of another earthquake in another place.

Earthquake takes place several times in a year. The new independent earthquake is also usual, natural and normal.

10. Earthquake less than 4 M is not recorded
Some people say earthquake below 4 magnitude is not recorded. Because they don’t find it through media and in official websites.

Earthquake less than 4 magnitude is also recorded but they are not flashed in some countries like Nepal as they are not harmful and they can’t be felt too. 

11. If all animals are killed, there won’t be earthquake
There is belief that Einstein said in his theory if all animals are killed, there will never be earthquake. Is that true?

This is based on pain wave theory which is not created by Einstein. People think that this is created by Einstein. Because the name of this wave is EPW, i.e., Einstein’s Pain Wave. The theory says that when animals are killed, their pain goes inside the crust as wave and they cause stress in the rock and eventually earthquake. But it is not proven.

12. Animal can speak before earthquake
Some people have reported that they found animals speaking about earthquake. Villagers in Nuwakot of Nepal have said that some animals spoke and said that big earthquake is coming.

Yes, it is true animals speak before earthquake. They speak not only before earthquake. All of us know animals always speak but we don’t understand what they speak.

13. Planets alignment can affect earthquake
Sometimes there is belief that the alignment of planet can cause earthquake. This concept had serious effect in California.

There is no evidence to prove the effect of planets alignment on earthquake. May be, it affect earthquake, but that can’t be issued reliably to predict earthquake.

14. Aftershocks are the symbols of another earthquake
Some believe that there is chance of big earthquake till aftershocks disappear. So they are anxious till aftershocks are stopped.

Aftershocks are normal after a big quake more than 7 M. It may take days, months and sometimes years to stop. They continue till the stresses created by main earthquake on the rocks are settled. They don’t mean chance of another earthquake.

15. Only 40% energy is released by mainshock
There is often belief after a big earthquake that a huge percentage of energy is still remained which can trigger another bigger earthquake. Some people estimated it during Nepal Earthquake 2015. They believed that 60% energy is stilled stored that may cause bigger quake.

Bigger blast is in the beginning. Smaller blast happens with aftershocks. If there is 60% energy left, that may cause foreshock {see also}event. But it did not happen in Nepal. In the other hand, if it is confirmed that still 60% energy is left that can trigger earthquake very soon, government could evacuate the cities and scientists could create manual earthquake by inserting fluids under the ground to increase stresses in the crust so that there is blast before people enter their houses.

16. Earthquake is caused due to fish staying under the earth
This is old saying that earthquake is caused because the earth is on the fish. When fish moves, the earth starts shaking.

We have complete glance of earth from the space. There is no fish below the earth. A scientist has asked a question in the past, ‘If earth is on the fish, where is the fish on?’

17. Humans are the cause of earthquake
Many people believe humans are responsible for earthquake. They specially link it with global warming and environmental degradation.

Humans are not the cause of earthquake. Earthquake happens naturally below the crust which is far from the human activities. However some human activities like extreme mining, use of maximum fluids, etc can cause earthquake.

18. High magnitude earthquakes are always dangerous
People often fear with high magnitude earthquake but they may not prepare for smaller quakes.

Earthquake is dangerous based on its intensity not magnitude. It depends on time and deepness of earthquake. Even smaller quakes may be dangerous if it is shallow type. In the other hand sometimes even high magnitude earthquakes are less dangerous if it is deep type and it has short time of shaking. Besides, aftershocks are less dangerous.

19. Earthquake can be predicted by astrology
Astrology becomes hot after big earthquake. People estimate time and magnitude of another earthquake using the knowledge of astrology. Common people easily believe if anyone claims that there will be another big earthquake. And they get more scared.

Is there any incidence where anyone really came ahead of the earthquake day using astrology and saved the people? If there is any astrologer who can predict earthquake with exact time, location and magnitude, he/she can be the renowned scientist of the world.

20. Horizontal quakes are more dangerous
Considering the sideways movement of houses during earthquake, some people believe that horizontal quake is more dangerous than vertical quake.

Vertical quakes are more dangerous than horizontal quakes. This is widely accepted fact.

21. Earthquake waves move equally in every direction
There is established belief that the wave of earthquake moves equally in all direction. There is popular example of pebbles throwing in the pond where waves move equally in all direction making circle.

The waves of earthquake may change direction according to the weakness of the rock. It happened during the earthquake of Nepal.

22. Earthquake can convert a place into a lake
Some believe earthquake can convert a place into lake. It is said during the earthquake in Nepal.

Is there any incidence of this kind in the history of the earthquake?

23. Earthquake can sink whole city
Many believe earthquake can sink city. Last month, California was said to sink in sea with earthquake which was proven completely wrong.

If there is any incidence like that, please let me know too.

24. Some people have Sense of earthquake
Some believe some can know the earthquake going to strike by using a special kind of sense.

USGS says it is unknown. There is no such kind of evidence where anyone has predicted earthquake by using any sort of sense.

25. Tectonic collision is the cause of the earthquake
There is wide spread consensus that earthquake takes place due to the slip or collision of tectonic plates.

It is based on tectonic theory which is one of the theories developed on how earthquake causes. But what is the real cause of earthquake is still unknown. We can compare this theory with the big bang theory of the universe. Big bang theory is one of theories developed to explain how universe began. But what is the secret behind the beginning of the universe is still unknown.

When a big earthquake strikes anywhere, possibilities are more that rumours begin. In the other hand there will be more chances that even scientific analysis will be misinterpreted and chaos and confusion appear uncontrollably. The best thing must do by the government and a conscious citizen is making people aware on time before the earthquake and rumours.

Sometimes new situation creates confusion. For instance, when the magnitude of the aftershocks suddenly increases and people suspect another earthquake. But the reality is that number of aftershocks decreases exponentially but the magnitude is still uncertain. If there are low magnitude aftershocks, the numbers are more {see this}. If there are high magnitude aftershocks, the numbers are less. Chances of higher magnitude aftershocks will be low with time. And then the aftershocks stop.

Now this is the time to exchange our knowledge with each other. Have you heard any kind of rumours or confusion? If you have heard any rumours and confusions, please mention them in the comment section below. You can also give scientific reasons for them. I will definitely try my best to give scientific reasoning from my side.
Discovered by Don Prince

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Next Saturday {20th June 2015}, we are publishing our most awaited article ‘‘3 Things about Nepal Earthquake That Scientists Discovered are Totally Wrong’’. If you do not want to miss it, download our app now.

What might be the Causes of Horror Experiences? (part 2)

When you are alone in home then you might hear some types of creepy sounds. I have explained these kinds of horror experiences and the scientific reasons of these experiences in my previous article “What might be the Causes of Horror Experiences?”. In that article I have proved you wrong by mentioning about illusion created by your subconscious mind. But in this article, I am not doing so. Rather, I am going to say that what you have been hearing in house when you are alone or at night is all true sound. Is it that scary? Don’t worry, I will explain in it of on the ground science.

When we are alone in home then we often hear some kind of tinkling sound from many parts of our house. In my case, I have often heard these kinds of sounds from grill of house’s windows, ceiling bulbs, doors, etc. It sounds so natural that anyone can come in fear. Anyone can believe that it’s something horror. It sounds like someone is throwing stone on the window but the sound is coming from the grills. “How can one hit stone from outside striking the grill despite the grill being inside the glass to the room?” This question was striking my brain. Then day by day I heard the same sound. I kept wondering at first. I heard the same kind of sound from the ceiling bulb too but there was no chance of someone hitting the stone at it which made me feel creepier. Then I closely observed the window frames, glasses, grills, doors, ceiling bulbs and all those things from which those tinkling sounds were heard. There was common thing that I observed in all those objects. Then due to that common thing, I got to know the cause and actual reason behind those tinkling sound. As the time passed, those tinkling sounds stopped gradually. Then what might be the reason behind it?

Due to the temperature variation and other different factors, there is certain kind of change seen in the objects. As heat is responsible for expansion and contraction of matters, if the temperature is high then the objects may expand and if temperature is low then objects may contract. Similarly, in case of window frames, same thing happens. Due to contraction and expansion of woods and grills caused by temperature variation, the knot which is fixed between grills and woods tends to move. Due to such movement in knot, there is collision between grill slot and knot due to which, tinkling sound is produced. Day by day such activities occur due to the same reason. In case of doors and ceiling bulbs too, same thing happens. Either screw or knot fixed in the object when moves with collision with other metal parts, then such tinkling sounds are produced. After some years, either the expansion or contraction of those objects reach to optimal level and the knot will not have any more tendencies to move as it becomes loose a bit. There is no collision any more to produce the tinkling sounds.

So, there is no matter to worry about such strange sounds in your home. They are all due to scientific reasons. No evil spirits exists to be responsible for such tinkling sounds in your home. If you have any queries regarding this matter then please comment below.
Discovered by Madhusudan Duwadi

Reality Behind Recurring Earthquakes

The worst thing of the 12 May strongest aftershock of Nepal is that it gave an opportunity to the rumourmongers to spread fear of larger earthquake in public. And the matter of dismay is that people lost belief on seismologists without investigating the reality. Since earthquake is uncertain science, no one can say anything accurately. All they can do is recommending 'STAY SAFE' advice whatever they explain. However the seismologists of Nepal did not explain the event of 12 May clearly. It was their mistake. I hope this post will make everyone clear and then optimistic.

First of all I want to present some rumours similar to 12 May aftershock of Nepal. During earthquake crisis of Nepal, these rumours were hot weapons to spread the gas of fear, doubt and uncertainty in the community and they might be still used. I have chosen 5 major points in the form of my ready made dialogues which are similar to the actual talks of people in the society.

‘’Hi, how are you?”
‘’What to say? I am still stressed.’’
‘’But why? I think earthquake fear is over now.’’
‘’No, it’s not over. I have just watched on TV. Earthquake returned in Turkey in 2011’’
Point to be noted: Another big quake had rocked Turkey after the mainshock in 2011.
 ‘’I think the earthquake has said good bye.’’
‘’Don’t say like that. Earthquake had reoccurred in Haiti after 8 days of the mainshock in 2010.’’
Point to be noted: Big aftershock hit Haiti after the mainshock in 2010.
 ‘’Why are you worried? Now, don’t think about earthquake. It’s over.’’
‘’If you say like that you may fall in legal problem. Earthquake had returned in Italy in 2012.’’
Point to be noted: Another big tremor had rocked Italy after a big quake in 2012.
‘’I think there is chance of bigger quake.’’
‘’No, it can’t be. There is no such event in the history of earthquake.’’
‘’Why not? Chile got bigger aftershock after the big quake in 1960.’’
Point to be noted: Bigger earthquake occurred in Chile making mainshock the foreshock in 1960.
 ‘’I am sure. We have to face big earthquake again.’’
‘’Is there any example like that?’’
‘’China got big shock after one year of the earthquake of 1975’’
Point to be noted: Another earthquake rocked China 1 year after a big tremor.
Got confused? I know this is not first time you are hearing such type of rumours. But I am sorry to say THIS IS NOT RUMOUR. THIS IS TRUE.

Photo Credit: NSC

Wait, don’t get frustrated. These rumours are true but they are not enough to make us scared. Because the reality is different.

Reality behind recurring earthquakes

1. ''2011 Van Earthquake'' of Turkey was of 7.1 M. After 16 days 5.7 M aftershock was felt. And there was no bigger than 5.7 M again. I have already written that stronger aftershock may happen within 1 month period. So I don't think it was unusual.
2. ''Haiti earthquake 2010''  got 5.9 aftershock after 8 days of the mainshock. This aftershock also happened within 1 month period and no aftershock more than 5.9 took place later.
3. The ‘’2012 Northern Italy Earthquakes’’ had given 5.8 strongest aftershock after 9 days. This case is also similar to Turkey and Haiti.
4. It is true that ''1960 Valdivia earthquake'' {Chile} had experienced foreshock. The 9.5 M biggest earthquake of the world had occurred after 7.9 M deadly shock. But that happened within the period of 24 hours. I have already said that foreshock can happen typically within 24 hours and sometimes in 3 days. Yes, earthquake scientists may present exceptional cases where foreshock happened even after months and years but they are still debatable in scientists forum.
5. Yes, another earthquake triggered in China after 1 year of the ''Haicheng Earthquake 1975'' {This earthquake had been predicted previously through foreshocks} but the epicentre distance between two earthquakes were 942.4 km which is bigger than the length of Nepal.
I bet no one can present any earthquake example which is unusual enough to prove that another earthquake crisis is coming. If you have found anywhere, you have done a great job. If you hear any rumour or you read any real history where earthquake is recurring breaking the general law of science, please write down in the comment. I am very happy to hunt the reality hidden behind the rumours and that will give you pleasure too.
Discovered by Don Prince

{This article is the result of the personal understanding of the author. You yourself are responsible for your thought}

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