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The Important Message of Yesterday's Earthquake

5.5 magnitude hit Nepal yesterday at 10:05 pm. There is a common question among people, i.e., Was that normal?

According to Nepal Seismological Centre, it was a usual aftershock of Gorkha Earthquake rocked in April 2015. However, it shook not only the rupture zone but also many other parts of Nepal as well as southern India.

Though this aftershock does not carry any message of threat at present, its epicentre 'Sindhupalchowk' gives a signal that this area is storing energy enough to trigger several such moderate aftershocks in future. Because this area has experienced many aftershocks with the size of 5 whereas other parts of the rupture zone are facing jolts with the size of around 4 only.

Moderate aftershocks are similar to the miner aftershocks except the fact that they can destroy already damaged infrastructures. They may also cause injuries to the people who run in panic during the quake.

People nearby the aftershock zone should be given special caution training. General earthquake education should be given to the public so that they do not have to sacrifice their sleep for no serious reason like yesterday.
Discovered by Don Prince

2 Secrets of India Earthquake That Scientists Did not Tell Us

This article is the second part of the article titled 'Is 8.2 Going to Hit India?'.

The Ministry of Home Affairs' {MHA} National Institute of Disaster Management {NIDM} has warned that the earthquake with the magnitude of 8.2 or greater is going to rock North India especially the mountains.

The experts have said that a series of earthquake of Manipur {India} in 2016,  Gorkha{Nepal} 2015 and Sikkim {India} 2011 have re-ruptured the already ruptured tectonic plates underneath the Himalayan region of India. Some international scientists even believe that recently rocked Manipur Earthquake is the sign that the stress has not been fully released which increased the chance of at least 4 earthquakes greater than 8 magnitude in the region.
Don Prince
Factually speaking, the tectonic plates of Nepal, Bhutan, India and Myanmar are interconnected. Though scientists reserve their arguments, there are some underestimated truths that can give some hopes which I would like to say Secrets of India Earthquake in this article.

Here scientists are talking about an earthquake caused by another one. But is there any known mechanism that has caused an earthquake to trigger another one in another place? Obviously not. The past observation says that the earthquake can trigger stress only over some hundreds of miles not thousands because the crust is not so rigid to facilitate stress transfer over thousands of miles.

USGS scientists say there is evidence that some major earthquakes manage to trigger stress much greater distances like thousands of miles but these triggered quakes are small and very short lived.

Another thing seismologists often talk is the record of accumulated stress on the fault which is recorded through the satellite camera. But the hidden secret which public is always confused is that it is not possible to make a direct measurement of stress on the fault. What scientists can do is measuring the stress of fault with satellite camera and then developing a model by integrating the record with the history of previous earthquakes on the fault which will give a rough idea where future earthquake is likely to strike.

In conclusion, there is no mechanism developed so far which can predict earthquake with definite magnitude and time. The only one thing scientists can do so far is the long term prediction which is a rough estimation and that should not be misunderstood.
Discovered by Don Prince

Is 8.2 Going to Hit India? Part I

I was doubtful of the future when I heard Delhi vibrated last month. Was that the siren of a big disaster? On 6th January, I got a message from an Indian intellectual asking about the danger of earthquake because a story had been done in the previous night by Indian media. Thanks to him, I got online link to the India Times where I came to know that Indian Union Home Ministry's disaster management experts had warned that earthquake with a magnitude of 8.2 or greater is going to strike India. In the following day, I found translated version of this news in Nepali Media as this earthquake could somewhat affect Nepal too.

More mysteriously, I was considering predictions of an Indian personality for many years whose predictions were right many times. He claims that he had predicted Nepal earthquake too. On 7th January, he wrote in his time line:

He said in the comment section that he did not know the news about earthquake broadcast by media. Neither had I talked with him. So is it coincidence that three different corners gave same conclusion that there is danger of earthquake in India?

Coincidence does not end here.On 7th January, a student asked me a question, 'Ís India really going to face that big earthquake?'' I answered, ''If one more quake hits,,,.'' Say it just a coincidence or something else, it was predicted by that Indian guy too.

You can be clear above, there was an earthquake in Pakistan and Afghanistan. I had  a query on my mind. Did that earthquake move any part of India? I got answer in media that the earthquake had vibrated Jambu Kasmir of India.

Then what is the conclusion? Is a big earthquake inevitable in India? If the earthquake is really going to hit, what are the scientific evidences? If it is a rumor or a false explanation, then what are the scientific logic to prove it wrong?
Discovered by Don Prince

How to Find Out the Local Time of Your Home?

You are running according to different time in your daily life. But is that the real time of your place you are going through? In context of Nepal the time difference from Mechi to Mahakali is nearly 32 minutes. The time of Nepal is determined according to the time of Gauri Shankar Himal. The time which you follow may not be real wherever you are staying. So, today I am going to present a practical way to find out the local time of any particular place.

First of all, let me remind you that it's obviously noon {12 o'clock at day} when the shadow formed by the sun is perpendicular to any of the object located in a particular area. It means we can keep any object in a place where we want to measure the local time. The straight line should be drawn facing ahead towards the sun. Let's name this straight line as mean line. The object through which we are going to calculate time should be pointed at its upwards and the top point should be the centre of that object. A regular shaped cone is recommended. The object should be kept perpendicular {at 90 degree} to that mean line. When the shadow produced from that object is perpendicular to the straight  line, it's 12 o'clock in that mean line. Just draw a straight line perpendicular to that mean line before keeping an object.

You can know your local time at your home or any other place after completion of this process. Now set your clock at 12 o'clock and the time goes running as the local time of your place. You can also calculate the time difference of your local time from the standard time of your country and you can find out your local time whenever you want by adding or subtracting the time difference you have obtained. Do it carefully because if shadow is misplaced by 1 degree, then there will be difference of 8 minutes. Happy experiment! Good night!
Discovered by Kapil Sharma

A Letter by the Kalki

I recently got a mysterious letter from an unknown source which reads like this: 
           The  Editor,
I   borne   in  India, state- Maharashtra,  Dist- Satara.  My
birthdate   is   04/04/1967. I am waiting here to identify
 me  as    Kalki.
                                        I am going to give a
new constitution for a  whole world. Alternative
economic model for capitalism and communism is ready
name   of   model  is- “ MONEY’S PLACE IN WORLD MARKET   “
Its features are  - 1] One govt. for a whole
world. 2] Borderless   world. 
  Don’t waste my time. Already 49 years of my life
  are wasted. Each and every moment is important to
               Later on I cannot do my work.Time
is very precious. 
                        Publish this letters in news papers
 and in news channels.
                     { Original , Real KALKI AVATAR }''
Below is the screenshot of the email sent by him.

Discovered by Don Prince

Why do People Believe on Rumours?

Rumours multiply in the atmosphere of fear. For instance, if you are getting scared of the danger of earthquake, you will easily believe on the rumours of earthquake spread around you.

Doubt also one of the factors that force you to believe on rumours. For example, you are in abroad and you doubt your wife. In this situation, if you heard something negative about your wife, you might not think that the rumour can be untrue.

Ignorance is another cause you easily believe on rumours. For example, if somebody says you that a scientific research happening somewhere can ruin the life on the earth, then you may accept the rumour because you may not have idea and knowledge about that research.

Some rumours are promoted by coincidence. For example, you heard quarrel in your neighbourhood. You heard the sound of ambulance in the midnight. In this situation, if you don’t see your neighbour in the morning, you may think that they have been hospitalized. 
Discovered by Don Prince

Can 7 People Have Same Face in Reality?

You might have often heard that 7 different people in this world can have same face structure and body shape too. Is it really possible to have 7 same faces in actual practice? It is very difficult to draw any conclusion without deep study on the base of genetics.

Each and every kind of structure, either in face or any other body parts are due to the result of phenotype and genotype. Genotype is determined by the genetic material DNA (in human) only. However, phenotype resembled can be later on affected by different types of environmental factors. Mutation can also occur which can bewilder the normal concept we have till now about the phenotype and genotype.

What is phenotype?

The morphological (physical) structure seen as an outer appearance due to the effect of genotype as well as influence of environmental factors is known as phenotype of an organism. Mutation directly affects the genotype acquired from heredity (process of transmission of physical and genetic characteristics from parents to offspring). Genotype affects phenotype.

What is genotype?

The genetic makeup or the genetic structure of an organism generally acquired from heredity, which is stored in DNA of an organism, correspondingly resembling the phenotype is known as genotype. It is the gene where mutation takes place.

Taking into the consideration of the time right when human species started to till now, evolution played vital role to change us drastically. Although from generation to generation we have evolved but we are all diversified forms of our single ancestor. The genes contained in our ancestor got mutated in different ways during cross fertilization due to which hybrid species were formed which were genetically different. During the hybridization of the species the genotype of the species go through the changes that make changes in phenotype. The genetic change makes physical change in us. The face, body structure, characters required for adaptation, etc. get modified in every filial generation during cross breeding.

The question may be raised that how was it possible to form species of different genotype to form non-sister species (species from different parents having same genotype) when there were only one maternal and one paternal form of the very species, say human. As mentioned above, the mutation plays vital role in abrupt evolution. The geographical aspects, mode of nutrition and different environmental factors bring about a change in the genetic structure of the species. Furthermore, different rays of the sun also alter the coding of DNA. It changes the genetic structure. In this way, species of different genotypes are formed.

When non-sister gametes are fertilized, new hybrid form of the species is formed which is different in both genotype and phenotype.  This phenomenon continues for several thousands of years to form large diversified groups of same species, which are distributed all over the world. This is the reason we are having people all over the world having different faces and body structures. Everyone differs from each other in at least one or two genetic or physical characters. Nevertheless, we hear that two people having same face were reported. Now after getting the background of what brings about a change in the genetic and physical structure of any species, let us go deeper to find out whether it is possible to have same face by two people or not.

*In this diagram, BB, Bb and bb represent pure black eyed, hybrid black eyed and pure blue eyed respectively.

According to Mendel, the dominant character is always seen in first filial generation which suppresses the recessive character but they do not mix with each other and recessive character can be seen in next generation as it is just hidden but not vanished. The occurrence of one contrasting character doesn’t affect the occurrence of another contrasting character. Although there are many contrasting characters to be considered which determine the genotype and phenotype of one single species, there is great possibility of having at least 90% of common contrasting characteristics after many filial generations. According to the law of Mendel, the contrasting characteristics if do not appear in one filial generation, it can appear in next filial generation. Similarly, changes seen in one generation of human can again come back as previous one. Let us consider a generation in which offspring have black eyes. In next generation offspring can have blue eyes as hybrid product. Let this line of generation continue up to where it can. Let we assume that current generation has blue eyes. Let us suppose another line of generation which had blue eyes before and after hybridization they have blue eyes again after passing through many filial generations. At the end, product of both impure lines will have common contrasting character i.e. blue eyes anyhow. In this similar process, if we consider the changes in all the contrasting characteristics like height, color of hair, presence of dimple in cheeks, shape of ears, etc. If there is similar genotype seen in two different people then the physical appearance is similar. After many filial generations, it is possible that people can have almost same genotype with each other. It is the reason we find different people with same face. They almost seem to be clones.

So, if people have same or similar genotype then they will surely have similar phenotype. They can have exact same face and body structure. Not only as rumor but for sure it is possible that 7 people can have same face. Not only 7, thousands of people can have similar face if they have similar genotype. It is true that after many generations and evolution we go through, we again get back to our ancestor’s characters which were being hidden as recessive characters due to presence of dominant characters. Don’t worry thinking that we will completely turn out to ancestors as many of those rare contrasting characters have already got vanished with them but still some characteristics may appear sooner or later if they are hidden. So, when you meet someone of similar face with yours, feel lucky that you got someone of similar genotype of yours and you have some kind of fade connection with that person. That person might be from the same ancestor of yours.
Discovered by Madhusudan Duwadi